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Table 5 Simulation results on IEEE 30 bus system using different algorithms for case 1

From: Optimal reactive power dispatch using a novel optimization algorithm

Control Variables (p.u.) PSO R-PSO L-PSO PSO-CFA IPSO-SR FOA MFOA JAYA
VG1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.1
VG2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0946
VG5 1.1 1.0881 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0753
VG8 1.0895 1.1 1.0904 1.0903 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0771
VG11 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 1.1
VG13 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0124 0.9 1.1
T6-9 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 0.95 0.95 1.0318
T6-10 1.05 1.05 1.05 0.9956 1.05 0.95 0.95 0.95
T4-12 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 0.95 0.95 0.9500
T28-27 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.0025 0.9 0.95 0.955
Qsc3 −0.0124 −0.0081 −0.0122 0.0012 −0.0092 0.0002 −0.12 0.0807
Qsc10 −0.1725 0.1543 0.1602 0.0842 0.2177 0.0005 −0.12 0.2806
Qsc24 0.1137 0.1165 0.1181 0.1202 0.1016 0.0011 −0.12 0.0985
Ploss (MW) 4.8578 4.8488 4.8571 4.8523 4.8304 7.1480 4.8585 4.5990
ACOR [25] ABC [25] LCA [25] CSS [25] BRCFF [25] BB–BC [25] PBIL [25] TLA [25] DE [25]
4.9147 4.9064 4.9092 4.9062 4.9059 4.9080 4.9144 4.9047 4.9121
MTLA [25] DDE [25] MTLA-DDE [25] TLBO [28] BBPSO [28] BBDE [28] GBTLBO [28] MGBTLBO [28] SGA [29]
4.8616 4.8623 4.8596 4.8787 4.8922 4.9015 4.8685 4.7802 4.9800
MAPSO [29] HSA [30] ICA [31] IWO [31] MICA-IWO [31] BSO 1 [16] BSO 2 [16] BSO 3 [16] BSO 4 [16]
4.8747 4.9059 4.8637 4.9344 4.8599 4.6847 4.6826 4.6728 4.6499
BSO 5 [16]         
4.634