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Table 8 Comparison of various AGC approaches for a 2-area system

From: Comparative performance analysis of hybrid differential evolution and pattern search technique for frequency control of the electric power system

Performance/Technique: Control Structure ITAE
Conventional ZN: PI[7] 3.7568
GA: PI[7] 2.7475
BFOA: PI[7] 1.8379
PSO: PI [9] 1.2142
hBFOA-PSO: PI [9] 1.1865
NSGA-II: PI [10] 1.1785
NSGA-II: PIDF [10] 0.3870
DE: PI [8] 0.9911
FA: PI [11] 0.8695
FA: PID [11] 0.4714
DE: PID 0.3678
DE: FOPID 0.3088
Proposed hybrid DE-PS based FOPID 0.2527