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Table 2 Regulator standards for narrowband PLC and relevant modulation methods

From: Current state of communication systems based on electrical power transmission lines

Standards Modulation method Related works
IEEE P1901.1 OFDM [19, 20]
IEEE P1901 OFDM [19, 21]
IEEE P1901.2 PSK & QAM (subclasses) [19, 22, 23]
ITU-T G.9904 OFDM [19, 24, 25]
ITU-T G.9903 OFDM [19, 25, 26]
IEC61334 S-FSK [19, 27,28,29,30]
G3-PLC OFDM [19, 31, 32]
ISO/IEC 14,908–1 BPSK [19, 28, 33, 34]
PRIME OFDM [19, 31, 35]
ANSI/IEA 790.1,2 BPSK [19, 36]
MAX2990 OFDM [19, 37, 38]
STM7580 BPSK [19]