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Table 4 Hourly generation (MW) schedule, cost (\(\times 10^{6}\)$), and CPU time (second) of dynamic economic dispatch obtained from RCGA

From: Dynamic economic dispatch: a comparative study for differential evolution, particle swarm optimization, evolutionary programming, genetic algorithm, and simulated annealing

Hour

\({\rm P}_{1}\)

\({\rm P}_{2}\)

\({\rm P}_{3}\)

\({\rm P}_{4}\)

\({\rm P}_{5}\)

\({\rm P}_{6}\)

\({\rm P}_{7}\)

\({\rm P}_{8}\)

\({\rm P}_{9}\)

\({\rm P}_{10}\)

Cost

CPU time

1

150.0000

137.3240

165.8277

130.9594

185.8528

86.6659

43.1268

82.1384

60.5076

13.3651

2.5854

72.68

2

154.0813

142.0823

111.6599

173.9694

212.5123

127.5569

26.5848

90.0247

58.4067

35.8485

  

3

167.6789

175.6266

190.4018

182.6740

243.0000

100.9178

33.9537

104.2804

43.8270

45.1084

  

4

151.0869

234.2356

201.1268

192.8167

232.0634

140.5203

58.3984

120.0000

61.3047

51.1215

  

5

179.0793

167.5926

241.0310

242.2296

233.1403

132.5917

85.7099

110.1910

76.4297

52.2067

  

6

178.1383

246.7190

319.0410

243.9511

222.8359

130.1020

113.9272

114.8017

69.8714

38.1359

  

7

231.2156

232.1208

330.9049

293.7810

238.4605

127.7300

101.5284

116.2500

70.6214

13.9564

  

8

186.8206

299.0632

336.2252

278.7172

243.0000

152.4734

117.8664

115.2754

79.4536

26.5290

  

9

254.2367

344.7199

340.0000

296.9019

235.7257

157.4128

125.5643

120.0000

72.5853

47.9489

  

10

323.6424

423.9759

339.7272

282.1438

243.0000

157.9184

128.9391

97.5989

54.7205

51.3773

  

11

379.9329

470.0000

333.0634

300.0000

236.4433

160.0000

115.5534

93.1074

54.6007

53.1176

  

12

413.1634

443.5430

337.5237

289.1344

238.2085

159.5075

124.2170

119.3562

80.0000

38.7139

  

13

335.4767

470.0000

334.4274

295.0397

230.2758

136.9080

129.4886

116.0717

73.7319

36.8421

  

14

279.7477

390.3287

309.3307

277.8978

236.6148

157.8536

129.2263

93.2559

74.6412

47.1851

  

15

225.8492

300.6198

340.0000

271.4831

235.7474

160.0000

113.9795

97.3194

60.2646

30.6238

  

16

156.8943

221.9919

274.1830

222.1209

224.4294

145.5529

120.9893

119.0116

71.2232

41.9545

  

17

150.0000

142.9721

307.5557

236.0399

229.9259

119.3528

128.4166

92.4584

77.2718

35.9486

  

18

213.3822

209.6171

280.5045

285.5809

236.6284

160.0000

118.0363

89.8209

48.4504

35.0462

  

19

216.8980

288.5752

330.2142

300.0000

233.9977

126.9242

128.6758

99.3605

75.2536

35.9281

  

20

271.3901

367.8558

340.0000

298.0471

243.0000

160.0000

129.7412

108.7347

78.6677

49.8348

  

21

285.6118

378.6250

327.2155

300.0000

240.5381

151.3773

127.6958

102.3417

51.2099

31.5443

  

22

216.5251

289.8412

318.2870

250.3409

190.6218

112.0639

127.3546

100.7594

46.4267

26.1429

  

23

157.4794

210.8063

256.3831

215.0895

181.2377

116.3920

97.4503

82.3338

59.7178

43.7112

  

24

150.0000

140.8972

179.9885

221.9082

180.1364

106.8230

87.4166

63.2514

33.6222

45.5223