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Table 6 Simulation results of 69 bus system for scenario-1

From: Butterfly optimizer assisted Max–Min based multi-objective approach for optimal connection of DGs and optimal network reconfiguration of distribution networks

Parameters/Cases Initial configured network
Open Switch positions 69 70 71 72 73
Optimal Reconfigured Network
Open Switch positions 14 58 61 69 70
Case-1a Case-2a Case-3a Case-1b Case-2b Case-3b
DG sizes in kW/Bus/power factor 500/11/0.82
1652/61/0.81
500/18/0.89
2292/61/0.8
500/36/0.8
724/62/0.84
2405/61/0.8
503/22/0.96
604/49/0.92
1411/61/0.81
500/64/0.83
534/11/0.81
214/69/0.83
378/62/0.8
3207/61/0.83
500/64/0.84
500/11/0.84
2193/61/0.8
Minimum and Maximum voltage in p.u 0.9943 &
1.0047
0.9818 &
1.0497
0.9972 &
1.0287
0.9938 &
1
0.9899 &
1.05
0.9936 &
1.0229
\(\lambda_{max}\) 4.2 4.91 4.61 6.49 7.71 7.07
\(\lambda_{V}\) 1.53 1.74 1.89 1.93 2.18 2.37
Real power loss in kW 4.847 89.8601 30.2921 5.3082 93.9651 25.313
OF value 0.1229 0.2254
% KVA DG INJECTION 68.79 93.56 89.01 64.45 98.58 84.33
% PLR 97.84 60.05 86.53 97.64 58.22 88.74
% MLI 30.84 52.95 43.61 102.18 140.18 120.249