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Table 3 Simulation results of 33 bus system for scenario-1

From: Butterfly optimizer assisted Max–Min based multi-objective approach for optimal connection of DGs and optimal network reconfiguration of distribution networks

Parameters/Cases Initial configured network
Open Switch positions 33 34 35 36 37
Optimal Reconfigured Network
Open Switch positions 7 9 14 28 32
Case-1a Case-2a Case-3a Case-1b Case-2b Case-3b
DG sizes in kW/Bus/ power factor 1044/24/0.88
1156/30/0.8
737/14/0.88
1832/31/0.8
550/17/1
792/14/0.82
1009/15/0.89
837/7/0.8
1097/31/0.8
414/33/0.92
573/12/0.88
1520/29/0.8
356/32/0.8
2519/30/0.83
828/33/0.93
969/31/0.8
1164/29/0.8
564/33/0.91
Minimum and Maximum voltage in p.u 0.9916 & 1.0007 0.9853 & 1.0498 0.9848 &
1.0371
0.9884 & 1.001 0.978 & 1.0495 0.9732 & 1.028
\(\lambda_{max}\) 4.4 5.1 4.78 6.15 7.23 6.76
\(\lambda_{V}\) 1.49 2.04 1.85 1.75 1.68 1.56
Real power loss in kW 12.7458 86.5804 39.1317 18.7531 98.8904 42.7188
OF value 0.1364 0.1894
% KVA DG INJECTION 79.17 84.97 81.014 68.4 99.6 74.92
% PLR 93.95 58.96 81.45 91.11 53.12 79.75
% MLI 29.41 50 40.58 80.88 112.64 98.82