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Table 1 Description of the parameters used in Eq. (1)

From: Energy management system for a small-scale microgrid

Parameters Description
Iph Light current
Io Cell saturation current
Q Charge of electron (1.6 × 10–19 C)
Kb Boltzmann’s constant
F Ideality factor
Tc Cell’s absolute temperature
Vd Voltage of diode
Rp Parallel resistance