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Table 14 Simulation results on IEEE 118 bus system using different algorithms for case 2

From: Optimal reactive power dispatch using a novel optimization algorithm

Control variables (p.u.) PSO R-PSO L-PSO PSO-CFA IPSO-SR FOA MFOA JAYA
VG1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0801
VG4 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.1
VG6 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0932
VG8 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.1
VG10 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.1
VG12 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0896
VG15 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0882
VG18 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0886
VG19 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0869
VG24 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0912
VG25 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.1
VG26 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.1
VG27 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0812
VG31 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0755
VG32 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0813
VG34 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0989
VG36 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.096
VG40 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0784
VG42 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9437 0.9 1.078
VG46 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0855
VG49 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0977
VG54 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0771
VG55 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0756
VG56 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0765
VG59 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0994
VG61 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0994
VG62 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0956
VG65 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.1
VG66 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.1
VG69 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.956 0.9 1.0999
VG70 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0776
VG72 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.081
VG73 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0769
VG74 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0669
VG76 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0673
VG77 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0867
VG80 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0994
VG85 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0995
VG87 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.1
VG89 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.1
VG90 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0854
VG91 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0895
VG92 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.1
VG99 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0969
VG100 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.1
VG103 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0918
VG104 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.083
VG105 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.077
VG107 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0669
VG110 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0704
VG111 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0774
VG112 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0549
VG113 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0968
VG116 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0999
T5−8 0.9905 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.9847
T25−26 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.922 0.9 1.0967
T17−30 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.9964
T37−38 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9942 0.9 0.9 0.983
T59−63 1.1 0.982 0.9820 0.9821 0.9667 0.9 0.9 0.9806
T61−64 0.9859 0.9999 0.9999 1.0 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.005
T65−66 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0043
T68-69 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9257 0.9 0.9 0.9569
T80−81 0.9789 1.1 1.1 0.9766 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.9915
Qsc5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0000 0.0 -0.2340
Qsc34 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0017 0.14 0.0007
Qsc37 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0000 0.0 0.0
Qs44 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0007 0.1 0.0566
Qsc45 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0009 0.1 0.0979
Qsc46 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0019 0.1 0.0467
Qsc48 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0007 0.15 0.0015
Qsc74 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0008 0.12 0.0080
Qsc79 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0009 0.1604 0.1992
Qsc82 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0005 0.1604 0.2000
Qsc83 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0013 0.1 0.0741
Qsc105 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0008 0.1604 0.1991
Qsc107 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0013 0.06 0.0
Qsc110 0.0 0.06 0.06 0.0 0.06 0.0028 0.06 0.0294
Ploss (MW) 111.7172 113.7233 113.7233 112.8162 112.6259 167.0409 107.9321 105.4821
CKHA [44] PSO-TVIW [45] PSO-TVAC [45] SPSO-TVAC [45] PSO-CF [45] PG-PSO [45] SWT-PSO [45] PGSWT-PSO [45] IPG-PSO [45]
110.79 116.8976 124.3335 116.2026 115.6469 116.6075 124.1476 119.4271 115.0605
GSA [46] OGSA [47] CLPSO [48] EMA [49] NGBWCA [39] WCA [39] SARCGA [18] HEP [18] QOTLBO [18]
127.76 126.99 130.96 126.22 121.47 131.83 113.12 115.58 112.2789
TLBO [18] FPA [18] CSA [18] SSA [18] MSSA [18] HSSSA [18] SSO [18] ISSO [18] MSFS [50]
116.4003 129.6524 121.2732 125.8324 124.0818 126.6992 179.1816 114.5297 114.6251
SARCGA [51] HEP [51] ALO [19] IALO [19]      
113.12 115.58 116.86 114.795