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Table 6 Comparison of results obtained for 69-bus AC/DC hybrid distribution micro-grid by various optimization algorithms

From: Butterfly optimizer-assisted optimal integration of REDG units in hybrid AC/DC distribution micro-grids based on minimum operational area

Parameter NM [27] PSO [22] CS [27] HNMCS [27] BOA CASE-1 BOA CASE-2
Total area required by REDG (m2) 2264.72 7334.53 2885.18 1363.88 1361.8 1344.2
Total power loss (kW) 11.63 11.52 11.52 11.52 11.5074 4.658
Power loss reduction (%) 91.94 92.0 92.0 92.0 92.05 98.2
Convergence time (s) 2.42 30.45 21.68 19.13 15.43 17.21
  1. Italis values are represents better values