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TableĀ 4 Comparison of simulation results for 30 independent runs for different techniques for ITAE value of isolated power system (test system 1)

From: Combined load frequency and terminal voltage control of power systems using moth flame optimization algorithm

Techniques

PSO PID

DE PID

GWO PID

MFO PID

Minimum

0.3159

0.292

0.2714

0.271

Maximum

0.5858

0.3886

0.2715

0.2712

Average

0.4898

0.3499

0.27144

0.27103

Standard deviation

0.1508

0.0353

0.0000

0.0000